Mental health is the level of psychological well-being or an absence of mental illness. It is the stat of someone who is “functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment “from the perspectives of positive psychology, mental health may include an individual’s ability to enjoy life activities and effort to achieve psychological resilience. According to world health organization (WHO), mental health includes “subjective well-being, perceived self-efficiency, autonomy, competence inter-generational dependence, and self-actualization of one’s intellectual and emotional potential among others”
According to the U.K surgeon journal (1999), mental health is the successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and providing the ability to adopt to change and cope with adversity
Mental health problems might arise due to stress, loneliness, depression, anxiety, relationship problems, death of a loved one, suicidal thoughts, grief, addiction, attention deficit hypo activity disorder, self-harm or various mood disorders. Therapist, psychiatrist, psychologists and social workers can help manage mental illness with treatment such as therapy, counselling or medication but these aids can only help the person if he/she themselves want to be alright. A mentally healthy person can run and lead into every walk of life. Where as a person having mental illness often seems to be absent minded and inactive in every situation.
Unemployment has been shown to have a negative impact on an individual’s emotional well-being, self-esteem and more broadly their mental health.
Examples of mental illness include a depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders and addictive behaviors Signs and symptoms of mental illness can vary, depending on the disorder, circumstances and other factors. Mental illness symptoms can affect emotions, thoughts and behaviors they include: felt sad or down, confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate extreme mood changes of highs and lows, withdrawal from friends and activities, significant tiredness and detachment from reality(delusions), paranoia hallucinations and suicidal thinking sometimes. Some symptoms of a mental health disorder appear as physical problems, such as stomach pain, back pain, headaches, or other unexplained aches and pains.
Mental illness is a general term for a group of illness that may include symptoms that can affect a person’s thinking, mood or behavior. Mental illness can make it difficult for someone to cope with work, relationships and other demands. The relationship between stress & mental illness is complex but it is known that stress can worsen an episode of mental illness Most people can manage their mental illness with medication counselling or both. Here we list some of the more common mental health issues & mental illnesses.
It is a group of mental health disorders that includes generalized anxiety disorder social phobias, panic disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder & post-traumatic stress disorder. If we don’t take it serious so it may lead to impairment on people’s daily lives.
2-BEHAVIORAL AND EMOTIONAL DISORDER IN CHILDREN:
It is very common in children including oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder. It can be treated by therapy, education mediation.
3-BIPOLAR AFFECTIVE DISORDER
This is a type of mood disorder; I referred, as manic depressions. A person with this condition experiences episode of mania and depression. The person may be or may not be experience psychotic symptoms. The exact cause is unknown. It may trigger through environmental stress.
Depression is a kind of mood disorder characterized by lowering of mood, Loss of interest and enjoyment and reduced energy. It is not just feeling sad. These are different types of symptoms of depression it may lead to the levels of severity. Suicidal thoughts the worst risk of depression.
5-DISSOCIATION DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS:
It is a mental process where a person discount from their thoughts, feelings, memories and send of identity.
It include anorexia, bulimia-nervosa. And other binge eating disorders of feet both females & males can have serious psychological & physical consequences.
7-OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE DISORDERS:
Obsessive compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder. Obsession is recurrent thoughts, images or impulses that are intrusive and unwanted. Compulsions are time consuming and repetitive ritual. It may treated by cognitive behavior therapy and medication.
It is the irrational and persistent feeling that peoples are out to get you: paranoiac may be a symptom of conditions including paranoid personality disorders delusional disorder and schizophrenia. It is treated by medications and psychological support.
People affected by psychosis can experience delusions: hallucinations and confused thinking it can occur in a number of mental illness including drug induced psychosis, Schizophrenia and mood disorders. Medications and psychological support can relieve or even eliminate psychosis symptoms.
It is complex psychotic disorder characterized by disruptions to thinking and emotions and a distorted perception of reality. Symptoms are hallucinations, delusions, thought disorder: social withdrawal limit lack of motivation & impaired thinking and memory. Schizophrenic patients are at high side of suicide.
More & more people recognizing that they are suffering from troubles such as depressions and anxiety, or that people they know all. Raising our own awareness about it can help us do a few things. Oue, it helps make it okay to reach out for help, whether that be by telling with people we know & trustor speaking with a helping professional. Two, becoming more aware of mental health in general helps us become more empathetic with people who may be troubled by concerns such as depression, anxiety or social anxiety. It may help us to reach out to people who we think may need our support. Third, awareness can also help us learn what is being offered through our workplace, our community, our provinces, and our nation.
Here, Some things that you can do for your mental health
- Taking care of yourself physically can improve your mental health. Be sure to eat nutritious meals, avoid cigarettes, drink plenty of water exercise which helps decrease depression and anxiety and improve mood Get enough sleep.
- Surround yourself with good people. People with strong family of social connection are generally healthier than those who take a support network.
- Volunteer your time and energy to help someone else. You’ll feel good about doing something tangible to help someone in need.
- Like it or not stress is a part of life. Practice good coping skills. Try one minute Stress strategies. Research shows that laughter can boost immune system ease pain, Relax your body & reduce stress.
- Try mediating, mindfulness and prayer relaxation exercise and prayer can improve your state of mind and outlook on life.
- Decide what you want to achieve academically, professionally and personally and write down the steps you need to realize your goals. Aim high but realistic and don’t over schedule.
- Although our routines make us more efficient and enhance our feelings of security and safety a little change of pace can perk up a tedious.
- Keep alcohol use to a minimum and avoid other drugs. Sometimes people use alcohol and other drugs to self-medicate but in reality alcohol and other drugs only aggravate problems.
- Seeking help is a sign of strength not a weakness and it is important to remember that treatment is effective. People who get appropriate care can recover from mental illness and addiction and lead full, rewarding lives.