UNITED NATIONS: UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet has said while perpetrators of rape and other forms of sexual violence must be held accountable, capital punishment and torture were not the answer.
Michelle Bachelet has issued a statement calling on governments to step up action against these crimes, improve access to justice and reparations for victims, and institute prompt criminal investigations and prosecutions for those responsible.
Her intervention comes in the wake of recent reports of horrific rapes in numerous parts of the world, including Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Morocco, Nigeria and Tunisia. These incidents have prompted outrage and demands for justice.
“I share the outrage and stand in solidarity with the survivors, and with those demanding justice. But I am concerned that there are also calls – and in some places laws already being adopted – bringing in cruel and inhuman punishments and the death penalty for perpetrators,” Bachelet said.
The UN human rights chief provided examples of these laws, such as a legal amendment instituted last month in Kaduna state, located in northwestern Nigeria.
The law allows surgical castration for male rapists, and the removal of the fallopian tubes of women convicted of the crime: a surgery known as bilateral salpingectomy. These procedures will be followed by the death penalty if the victim is under 14.
Earlier this week, the government of Bangladesh approved an amendment which introduces the death penalty for rape, while in Pakistan there have been calls for public hanging.
Similar demands for the death penalty have been made elsewhere.
While the main argument for capital punishment in this case is the belief that it deters rape, there is no evidence to support this, according to Ms. Bachelet.
“Evidence shows that the certainty of punishment, rather than its severity, deters crime”, she said.
“In most countries around the world, the key problem is that victims of sexual violence do not have access to justice in the first place – whether due to stigma, fear of reprisals, entrenched gender stereotypes and power imbalances, lack of police and judicial training, laws that condone or excuse certain types of sexual violence or the lack of protection for victims.”