The warring parties in Afghanistan — current situation
The current situation between warring parties in Afghanistan is quite vague and the process of transition of the Taliban’s government has ostensibly become slow. They have not structured their government as yet.
As the NATO forces led by the United States are evacuating from Afghanistan, the blasts at the Kabul airport, which claimed 85 lives including 13 US troops, have jolted the world. The forces, however, have announced to continue the evacuation operation amid threats of revenge by the president Joe Biden. While, Taliban have warned that they would not allow any departure after the deadline of August 31.
The Taliban’s control of Kabul does not assure that all the militant groups would obey them as they have seen fierce opposition from the Islamic State (IS), also known as Daesh, who consider that Taliban are not fulfilling their responsibilities enough and they believe that they should not have sit with the western forces on the negotiating table.
Although Taliban and Al Qaeda have good relations, but IS is the extremist warring faction which has been against holding talks with the NATO forces. Daesh also claimed responsibility for the fresh Kabul attack.
According to a report, IS has no more than 2000 members in Afghanistan but the organization has increased the pace of attacks the following year. Since 2020, commander Shahab al-Muhajir is leading it.
It is also worth noting that when the Taliban took control of Kabul on August 15, Sheikh Abu Omar Khorasani, the arrested head of the Islamic State of Khorasan, was killed and his funeral prayers were offered the next day in his hometown in Kunar Province.
When the prisoners were released from jail after the Taliban took control of Kabul, they included a large number of Islamic State and al-Qaeda members.
Talking to BBC Urdu, Dr Sajal Gohar of Asia Pacific Foundation, who has been researching on the militant networks in Afghanistan for several years, said that the IS Khorasan was involved in some of the big terrorist attacks between 2019 and 2021.
On the flip side, in response to the second deadliest attack in a single day on US troops, the opposition has mounted pressure on the US president for safe evacuation of American citizens and lashed out at him for his policy. Republican Senator Josh Hawley has sought resignation of Joe Biden. Another member of the opposition party, Kevin McCarthy said the foes’ were taking advantage of “chaotic nature of Biden’s withdrawal”. They are not happy from the current situation.
Meanwhile, brother and son of celebrated Afghan leader late Ahmed Shah Massoud have put up resistance against Taliban in Panjshir province while leading the resistance force National Resistance Front. They claimed that Afghanistan had much changed in the last 20 years and the citizens specially women and youth were with them against the hardline militants.
Whereas, Taliban spokesperson Zabihullah Mujahid said they were in contact with the elders, influencers and militants in Panjshir and they hoped to strike a deal with them very soon. Viewing the current situation, he hoped that they would find a solution for the province without firing a bullet.