According to a source, scientists have identified two possible fundamental causes of coronavirus, namely the consumption of wildlife such as bats in Wuhan and potential leakage of the virus.
Scientists pinpointed the causes of coronavirus to cross-species transmission of the pathogen from bats or snakes, as well as potential laboratory leakage in Wuhan.
SARS and MERS were also found to stem from bats in 2004.
Hong Kong and China have recently declared a state of emergency as confirmed cases of the virus quickly increase. The scientists found the first cause to have been bat-eating in Wuhan, 2019-NCoV found in snakes that spreads the coronavirus.
When the coronavirus epidemic was first announced, scientists theorized that it was possible that the coronavirus spread from bats to snakes and ultimately to humans. On January 23, the Wildlife Conservation Society reported that illegal trade in wild animals leaves areas vulnerable to spillover viruses.
In recent weeks the public has heavily criticized Chinese forces and streamers for releasing videos of eating bats. After a video of Wang Mengyun eating a fried bat in 2017 went viral, the Chinese actress apologized.
It remains unclear whether coronavirus or any other type of the virus can be transmitted to humans after being fried or exposed to high heat. Studies suggest that when managing live bats in the poorly regulated live animal market, the virus is likely to have spread.
The Medical Virology Journal said that snakes’ 2019-nCoV is likely to have transmitted cross-species from snakes to humans.
Researchers now suspect it is either bats, snakes, or both that contributed to the deadly Coronavirus spreading into inexpertly running live animal markets in Wuhan and elsewhere in China.
The second cause was a potential leakage from a facility that was studying the virus.
China founded the Wuhan National Biosafety Laboratory in 2017 to research some of the most active viruses and pathogens in the world. At the time, molecular biologist Richard Bright from New Jersey, Rutgers University, said many things could go wrong with the laboratory.
He said there’s a risk that it can leak in different ways when researching pathogens on animals like a monkeys.
“These facilities are essentially dual use,” Ebright said, adding that the monkeys being studied may exhibit unpredictable behavior.
Based on the evolution of the virus and the reports that have appeared in recent weeks, transmission of cross-species from bats or snakes to humans is a more likely cause of the coronavirus than potential contamination from the plant.
According to the source, researchers are hesitant to eliminate a facility leak completely as a potential cause of the coronavirus outbreak due to the 2004 SARS incident. Nonetheless there is growing suspicion that the coronavirus may have been accidentally leaked by the Wuhan Institute of Virology.
All Hong Kong and China declared a state of emergency over the coronavirus outbreak as confirmed cases of the virus crossed 2,700 officially as of January 27th.
The Chinese economy and the stock market trembled after the outbreak, creating considerable instability in the country.