Research: Brain mechanism that instantly connects objects in our minds
A research has discovered the brain mechanism that instantly connects objects in our minds.
When you see a table, a train, an apple, or any object in your life, your brain instantly links it with other things and makes you build meaning and context for the things around you. This process is a natural occurrence and allows individuals to shape their own perspectives and expectations about the world.
In this new research, scientists have figured out a way to outline the portion of the brain that links similar objects, further insights about how the brain processes information out of context.
In a study divided into two parts, Bonner and Russell Epstein, a psychology professor from the University of Pennsylvania devised research by using a database including thousands of beautiful photographs, with all the objects labeled. The pictures comprised of household scenes, urban life, wildlife, and the labels were for everything in the picture ranging from the mugs, cars to trees.
To measure how frequently particular objects appeared with others, the researchers formed a statistical model and algorithm that showed the probability of the brain looking at a pen, if the individual saw a keyboard, or eyeing a boat if one saw a dishwasher.
The researchers then used these contextual connections and quantified them, and this enabled the researchers to outline the brain region that manages the links of objects.
In the test, the subjects had their brain activity observed with functional magnetic resonance imaging also known as fMRI. The research team showed them photos of specific objects and examined them for confirmation of a region where these responses pursued this co-occurrence information. Researchers identified this spot as the region in the visual cortex commonly correlated with the processing of spatial scenes.
Due to previous research, it is known that people are slower to identify objects which are placed out of context. The research team assures that this is the first large-scale experimentation to quantify the connections between objects in the visual setting and also the first insight into how the visual creates meaning in the brain.