In April, the archaeologists found the seconding missing traces of the city of Bazira, established after the destruction of the lower city in the third century by an earthquake.
The ancient city Bazira is also known as the city of Alexander. The discovery occurred during the recent excavations in Barikot-Swat.
The head of the Italian Archaeological Mission, Dr Luca Maria Olivieri told in an interview that,
“Luckily we have found that missing gap. After the abandonment of the lower city in the third century, a smaller but complex urban settlement was rebuilt at the foot of Barikot Ghwandai.”Source:DAWN
He further said that the archaeologists not only found Hindu Shahi structure but they also found traces of small urban settlement and citadel, which had been inhabited since the fourth century till the Ghaznavid time.
“The lower city, abandoned after a massive earthquake in the third century, was known as Bazira or Beira. The newly discovered city, according to an inscription found on the top of the Ghwandai, was called Vajirasthana. It means the fortified place of Bazira,” said Dr Luca.Source: DAWN
In new research, the Pakistani and Italian archaeologists have found new traces including Hindu Temples, coins, stupa, pots and weapons of that period.
According to experts, Alexander came to Swat along with his army in 326 BC and defeated the opponents in a battle at Odigram area. He constructed the walled city named Bazeera and a fort.
The experts have also found traces of Indo-Greek, Budhmat, Hindu Shahi and Muslim, who lived before Alexander’s period.