Menopause is a natural phenomenon that every woman goes through in their life. Everyone needs to be aware of the signs of menopause, and its effects so that the required support and treatment can be given to them.
What is menopause?
Menopause brings the process of the period cycle of women to an end. Ir is referred to as the time in a women’s life where her periods stop, and she loses her reproductive functions. Normally, this happens within the ages of 45 and 55, but in rare cases, women can go through menopause in their 30s, or even younger. This is referred to as premature menopause or premature ovarian insufficiency.
Menopause is induced by the change in hormone levels, that make women go from a fertile state towards decreased ovaries and estrogen. The decrease in estrogen and unbalanced hormones cause the body to behave differently.
However, the body does not stop producing estrogen in one night, and the process can take years to complete, varying from person to person. This gradual change is called the ‘peri-menopause.
Estrogen is a significant hormone for women as it stimulates female characteristics at puberty and regulates a woman’s reproductive cycle. The menstrual period happens to women every month because no implantation has taken place, if a period does not occur, it means plantation has taken place. Thus, the role of estrogen is vital for the whole reproductive system, and menopause is the sign of its functions ending.
At around the age of 50-55 years, the menstrual cycle ends which means no more ovulations, periods, and pregnancies. This is menopause.
Symptoms of Menopause :
If you are experiencing these symptoms in your late forties or fifties, you are likely starting your menopause process. Here are some symptoms that can help you see if you are going to start this phase of your life.
- Alterations to your periods (either heavy or light periods)
- Hot flushes – short, sudden feelings of heat, normally in the face, neck, and chest, and can also make your skin red and sweaty
- Night sweats – hot flushes that happen at night
- Trouble sleeping – this may make you feel tired and irritable during the day
- A reduced or increased sex drive (libido)
- Difficulties with memory and concentration
- Vaginal dryness and pain, itching or discomfort during sex
- Mood shifts, such as low mood or anxiety
- Palpitations – increased heartbeats that quickly become more prominent
- Joint stiffness, aches, and pains
- Decreased muscle mass
- Repeated urinary tract infections (UTIs)
The effects of Menopause :
Menopause can change a women’s life in many ways due to the drastic body and hormonal changes, the woman can experience increased hair growth, mood swings, or the risk of other problems such as osteoporosis and heart disease.
The decrease in estrogen can cause the bones density to reduce, cholesterol levels rise as well which can lead to severe health issues. Therefore it is important to take care of the women in your life experiencing menopause, and also to spread awareness about the changes one can make for menopause.
Here are some of the things you should be implementing:
- Lifestyle changes such as physical activities
- Hormonal therapy
- Eating healthy and taking supplements
- Regular checkups with doctors