Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Khalifa e Rashid, was attacked by a Khariji Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Amr ibn Muljam on Ramadan 19 while he was leading Fajr prayer in the Great Mosque of Kufah, Iraq.
The sword soaked with poison was hit on Hazrat Ali (RA)’s head and he died two days later of the incident on Ramadan 21. He was then 62 or 63 years old. Only Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) out of the four Khalifa e Rashideen died a natural death, while Hazrat Umar (RA) and Hazrat Usman (RA) were also assassinated.
Hazrat Ali (RA) became khalifa after Hazrat Usman (RA) was assassinated in 656. The fourth caliph encountered opposition from Hazrat Muawiyah (RA), who was governor of the Levant. Then Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Muawiyah agreed to arbitration after the Battle of Siffin (657). However, some members of Hazrat Ali’s army, later known as Khawarij (those who leave), killed some supporters of Hazrat Ali. The Khawarij thought that the unfortunate situation of Muslims was because of Hazrat Ali, Hazrat Muawiyah and Hazrat Amr ibn Aas, governor of Egypt, therefore they planned to kill them.
Resultantly, ibn e Muljam assassinated Ali in Kufa, only about four years after his becoming Khalifa. Later, Hazrat Hasan (RA) executed ibn e Muljam.
There are several sayings of Prophet Mohammed (SAWW) in praise of Hazrat Ali (RA). Here are some of them:
- I am the house of wisdom, and Ali is its door. (source Tirmidhi)
- Ali is from me and I am from Ali. And none should represent me except myself or Ali. (source Tirmidhi)
- You are in the same position with relation to me as Haroon (AS) was with Musa (AS) except that there is no prophet after me. (source Bukhari)
- Aren’t you satisfied with being unto me what Haroon (AS) was unto Musa (AS)? (source Muslim)
- He of whom I am the Maula, of him Ali is also the Maula. (source Tirmidhi)
- Indeed Ali is from me and I am from him, and he is the ally of every believer after me. (source Tirmidhi)