Australia reverses recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital
Australia said it would no longer recognise west Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, a policy reversal that prompted a curt rebuke from the Jewish state but was cheered by oppressed Palestinians.
Foreign Minister Penny Wong said the city’s status should be decided by Israeli-Palestinian peace talks, unwinding a contentious decision by the previous conservative government.
In 2018, Australia’s then-prime minister Scott Morrison followed US president Donald Trump’s lead in unilaterally recognising west Jerusalem as the Israeli capital.
The move caused a domestic backlash in Australia and friction with neighbouring Indonesia — the world’s most populous Muslim-majority nation — temporarily derailing a bilateral free trade deal.
“I know this has caused conflict and distress in part of the Australian community, and today the government seeks to resolve that,” Wong said.
Jerusalem is claimed by both Israelis and Palestinians, but most governments avoid putting embassies there to avoid prejudging the outcome of negotiations for a lasting peace.
“We will not support an approach that undermines” a two-state solution, Wong said, adding: “Australia’s embassy has always been, and remains, in Tel Aviv”.
Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid criticised Tuesday’s move — which comes as he prepares to face a November 1 general election.
“We can only hope that the Australian government manages other matters more seriously and professionally,” he said.
– Steadfast friend –
The political director of the Israeli foreign ministry, Aliza Bin Noun, summoned Australia’s ambassador Paul Griffiths on Tuesday to express her country’s “deep disappointment” and to protest Canberra’s “surprising decision”.
Bin Noun told Griffiths that the move would encourage extremism and jeopardise regional stability, a foreign ministry statement said.
Israel annexed east Jerusalem following the Six-Day War of 1967, and has declared the entire city its “eternal and indivisible capital”.
Palestinians claim the eastern sector as the capital of their future state.
The Palestinian Authority’s civil affairs minister, Hussein Al-Sheikh welcomed the move by Canberra as an “affirmation” that Jerusalem’s status depends on the outcome of negotiations.
Hamas, the Islamist group that controls Gaza, called it “a step in the right direction.”
Indonesia also welcomed the decision.
“This policy would hopefully contribute positively to Palestinian-Israeli peace negotiations,” the foreign ministry in Jakarta said.
Wong insisted that the decision — which has limited practical impact — did not signal any broader shift in policy or hostility towards Israel.
“Australia will always be a steadfast friend of Israel. We were amongst the first countries to formally recognise Israel,” she said.
“We will not waver in our support of Israel and the Jewish community in Australia. We are equally unwavering in our support of the Palestinian people, including humanitarian support.”
– Symbolism –
The centre-left Labor party, with Anthony Albanese as prime minister and Wong as foreign minister, came to power in May 2022 after strongly opposing the previous government’s Jerusalem policy.
Wong accused the Morrison government of making the Jerusalem decision to influence a by-election in a Sydney suburb with a sizeable Jewish community.
“You know what this was? This was a cynical play, unsuccessful, to win the seat of Wentworth and a by-election,” she said.
The United States, now led by President Joe Biden, declined to weigh in on the Australian decision but reiterated that it was not reversing Trump’s Jerusalem move.
“The US position is that our embassy will remain in Jerusalem, which we recognise as Israel’s capital,” State Department spokesman Vedant Patel said in Washington.
Canberra’s shift was foreshadowed by the removal of language about the Israeli capital from the website of Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.
Although Australia is not a major player in peace talks, Ran Porat, a historian and researcher at Melbourne’s Monash University, said the move was significant.
“In the Middle East in general, symbolism is very much at the centre of many conflicts. Symbolism is not negligible, it’s not unimportant.”
Porat added that the move could be seized on by Israel’s opposition Likud, led by Benjamin Netanyahu, as evidence of the government’s failings ahead of next month’s election.
Netanyahu tweeted Tuesday that it was “no surprise” Australia made the decision while Lapid was in power, condemning the premier for supporting Palestinian statehood in an address to the UN General Assembly last month.